There are several types of oral dental health issues that people may experience throughout their lives. These can range from minor problems like bad breath to more serious conditions such as oral cancer.
Here are some of the most common oral dental health issues:
- Tooth Decay: Tooth decay occurs when the enamel on the teeth is damaged by acid produced by bacteria. This can lead to cavities, which may cause pain and sensitivity.
- Gum Disease: Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that support the teeth. It can cause red, swollen, and bleeding gums, as well as bad breath and tooth loss.
- Tooth Sensitivity: Tooth sensitivity occurs when the enamel on the teeth is worn down, exposing the sensitive inner layer of the tooth. This can cause pain when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages.
- Bad Breath: Bad breath, also known as halitosis, can be caused by poor oral hygiene, certain foods, or underlying health problems.
- Oral Cancer: Oral cancer can occur in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, cheeks, and throat. It is often linked to tobacco and alcohol use.
- Tooth Grinding: Tooth grinding, also known as bruxism, can cause damage to the teeth and lead to jaw pain and headaches.
- Dry Mouth: Dry mouth occurs when the salivary glands do not produce enough saliva. This can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral health problems.
- Tooth Loss: Tooth loss can occur as a result of injury, decay, or gum disease. Missing teeth can make it difficult to eat and speak properly and can impact self-esteem.
- Canker Sores: Canker sores are small, painful sores that can develop on the gums, tongue, or inside of the cheeks.
- Wisdom Teeth: Wisdom teeth are the last set of molars to come in, typically between the ages of 17 and 25. They can cause pain and discomfort if they become impacted or do not have enough room to grow properly.
It is important to address these oral dental health issues promptly to prevent them from becoming more serious and causing further damage to your oral health. Regular dental checkups can help to detect and treat these issues early before they become more problematic.